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Our endive breeding and screening programmes are located in the most important production areas. This allows us to select our varieties most accurately as the conditions are just like those of our customers. As we compare our best lines between several locations, we develop more reliable and flexible varieties that cover longer harvesting slots and stand fluctuating weather conditions.


During autumn, winter and early spring seasons, we select at our breeding stations located in South Italy, South France and Spain. In spring and summer we do so in Central Italy, North West France, the Netherlands and Germany.

Broad breeding programme 

Enza Zaden has a broad endive breeding programme. Our aim is to develop varieties for all market segments. We have varieties suitable for the processing industry as well as for the fresh market. The ultimate destination of the product also plays a major role in endive breeding. Whereas one market use endive raw in salads, others ask for specific characteristics like dark green smooth varieties or the nice ‘très fine’ curled type. In this type we offer a complete innovative range of varieties which allow our customers to produce all year long in open field, for both processing and fresh markets.

Our endive types

Smooth leaved

Information about our varieties

For information about our wide range of varieties, please take a look at our local websites (SpainItalyMexicoGermanyFranceUSAUKMoroccoBrazilRussiaThe Netherlands) or contact your local Enza Zaden representative.